Celebrating the FAO Ecosystems Approach to Aquaculture at FAO Workshop in Spain

We must plant the sea and herd its animals using the sea as farmers instead of hunters. That is what civilization is all about – farming replacing hunting.

Jacques Cousteau (1910-1997)

New Ecological Aquaculture Text In Preparation:

Costa-Pierce, B.A. 2016,  in prep. Ecological Aquaculture: Principles and Practices for the Blue Revolution to 2050.

Where is Ecological Aquaculture Important?    

Ecological aquaculture is most important in areas of the world where aquatic foods are the most important sources of animal proteins. 

Ecological aquaculture is vitally important to areas of the world where commercial aquaculture is not historically important, but is expanding.

The Oyster Eater...A Centuries Old Aquaculture Ecosystem

Is Ecological Aquaculture new? 

The Blue Revolution?  Ecological Aquaculture? These are NOT new concepts!

There have been many “Blue Revolutions” throughout human history. Our ancestors used the concepts of ecological aquaculture to develop many sustainable models of aquaculture ecosystems throughout human history, and, by the way, “her-story”, too, as gender issues are vitally important to evolve ecological aquaculture)

See Chapter 2 of Costa-Pierce 2016 in prep.; Costa-Pierce, 2010) on where aquaculture revolutions have occurred…

The Working Hypothesis is:

Whenever the seafood demands of seafood-eating peoples have exceeded their abilities to provide adequate supplies of seafoods for them from “the wild” (e.g. natural, aquatic ecosystems)…

they have developed aquaculture.

What IS new is that we now have 7 billion people on Mother Earth, and a recent paper in Science forecasts of upwards of 12 billion inhabitants by 2050.

Many of these people choose to eat seafoods as their major sources of animal protein.

The real debate over the future of aquaculture is not whether it will grow but



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